Capitals in the North and Northeast regions lead the ranking based on the rate of deaths. 21 of the 27 cities had a drop in the number of cases between 2020 and 2021. The Yearbook survey considers homicides, robberies, and bodily injuries followed by death and deaths committed by the police.
Of the 27 capitals in the country, 21 had a drop in the number of violent deaths between 2021 and 2020. This is what data from the Brazilian Public Security Yearbook released this Tuesday (28) shows.
Overall, the country had a 6% drop in the number of violent deaths , which include homicides, robbery, bodily injury followed by death, and killings committed by the police.
Among the capitals, only six were discharged: Manaus (48.9%), Macapá (31.2%), Boa Vista (9.9%), Porto Velho (8.6%), Teresina (9.5%) and Salvador (3.4%). It is noteworthy that, of the six, four are in the North, the only region in the country that had an increase in violence last year (9%) .
As the Violence Monitor had already anticipated in February , some factors are behind the high rates in the North region:
- Associação do narcotráfico com crimes ambientais, como grilagem, garimpo ilegal e desmatamento
- Lack of integration of state and federal authorities in the fight against crimes RATE in the Legal Amazon
- The territorial dispute between criminal factions
- The intensification of conflicts between criminal groups has caused an increase in cases of violence in the Amazon region.
Even with the generalized decrease, most capitals recorded violent death rates higher than the national average, considering all municipalities: 22.3 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.
The lowest rate among capitals was registered by São Paulo: 7.7 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. It is the only one among the 27 to have less than 10 violent deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.
At the other end is Macapá, with a rate eight times higher: 63.2 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants.
Civil Police in action during the arrest of a suspect in Salvador. The capital of Bahia is the second most violent in the country, according to data from the Yearbook — Photo: Civil Police of Bahia
See below the ranking of the country’s capitals by rate (deaths per 100,000 inhabitants):
- Macapá – 63.2
- Salvador – 55.6
- Manaus – 52.5
- Teresina – 37.0
- Boa Vista – 34.8
- Fortitude – 34.3
- Recife – 33.1
- Porto Velho – 32.4
- Maceio – 29.8
- Aracaju – 29.4
- João Pessoa – 28.1
- Christmas – 24.0
- Rio Branco – 23.1
- São Luís – 22.8
- Palms – 22.3
- Bethlehem – 22.3
- Victory – 21.1
- Porto Alegre – 20.0
- Rio de Janeiro – 19.2
- Curitiba – 16.7
- Goiânia – 16.6
- Campo Grande – 15.3
- Federal District – 11.2
- Florianópolis – 10.8
- Belo Horizonte – 10.8
- Cuiabá – 10.6
- São Paulo – 7.7